ANTONIO VIVALDIAntonio Lucio Vivaldi was born March 4, 1678 in Venice, Giovanni Battista Camilla Calicchio. He was baptized immediately, “Hebbe water at home for risk of death from Gossip breeder” so we read in the act of baptism, which was consecrated in the parish of San Giovanni in Bragora, two months later, on May 6, apparently due to the fragile constitution of Antonio. It was probably suffering from incurable asthma, the “tightness of the chest” as he called himself, which plagued him throughout his life.
The musical training of Antonio is extremely uncertain: probably was the father, a humble barber, but also a violinist in the orchestra of the Basilica of San Marco from 1685, who taught him to play the violin, but many have speculated that the lessons received from his father, although it was one of the most brilliant violinists of the city, they were not quite sufficient to explain the subsequent mastery demonstrated by Vivaldi in composition, and have ventured that Antonio was formed musically under the guidance of a teacher most quoted, the composer Giovanni Legrenzi, choirmaster San Marco from 1685 to 1690; but do not you have some news about it. However, Antonio soon showed his talent so much so that the age of ten he was able to replace his father occasionally in the orchestra.
Antonio was the eldest of six children. The family was large and certainly not wealthy: it was then destined for an ecclesiastical career, which offered some hope of social advancement. He entered the seminary, but probably because of his poor health, he was allowed to study privately: this allowed him to complete his musical education.
1703 was a decisive year for Vivaldi: March 23, he was ordained priest, and so, and thanks to the color of his hair, became universally known as the “Red Priest”.
According to a rather tasty anecdote told by Count Orloff Grégoire: “Once Vivaldi said Mass, he was a theme in mind to escape. Leave then the altar on which he officiated, and runs into the sacristy to write his theme, then returns Start to finish. comes denounced to the Inquisition, but fortunately the judges as a musician, that is, as a fool, and merely forbid him to ever say Mass “.
Virtuoso violinist and prolific composer, Vivaldi is remembered today for huge number of concerts that has left more than 550 On one occasion, he boasted that he had composed a concerto faster than his copyist had managed to transcribe the parts (De Brosses).
In addition to the 73 sonatas, Vivaldi composed 223 concertos for violin and orchestra, 22 for two violins, cello for 27, 39 for bassoon, 13 for oboe and many others for flute, viola d’amore, lute, theorbo and mandolin.
Today it is one of the composers of baroque music played more and more appreciated by the audience. His reputation is based primarily on one or more concerts for violin and orchestra that have come from his prolific pen.