CESARE PAVESE, IL RAGAZZO DELLE LANGHECesare Pavese was born September 9, 1908 in Santo Stefano Belbo, Langhe village in the province of Cuneo, where his father, clerk of the court of Turin, had a farm. Soon the family moved to Turin, even if the young writer always with melancholy regret the places and landscapes of his country, seen as a symbol of serenity and happiness, and as places where to spend the holidays ever.
Once in the Piedmont town shortly after his father dies; this episode would affect sull’indole boy, already sullen and introverted.
Already in adolescence Pavese manifested attitudes very different from those of his peers. Shy and introverted, lover of books and nature, human contact as he saw the smoke and mirrors, preferring long walks in the woods where watching butterflies and birds.
Therefore remained alone with his mother, but the latter had suffered a severe reaction to the loss of her husband. Sought refuge in his pain and irrigiditasi towards the child, this begins to manifest coldness and reserve, implementing an educational system more appropriate for a father “old-fashioned” that a mother lavishes affection.
The profile and the reasons of temperament Pavese, marked by deep torment and a dramatic oscillation between the desire for solitude and the need of others, has been read in various ways: some would be the physiological result of introversion typical adolescent for others the result of childhood trauma mentioned above. For still others, there lies the drama of sexual impotence, perhaps unprovable but that transpires in backlight on some pages of his famous diary, “The Craft of life.”
He studied in Turin where he as a high school teacher Augusto Monti, a figure of great prestige of Turin antifascist intellectuals in Turin and to which many of those years are long. During these years, Cesare Pavese also takes part in some policy initiatives which adheres with reluctance and resistance, as it is absorbed by purely literary issues.
He then enrolled at the University in the Faculty of Arts. Leveraging his studies in English literature, after graduation (thesis presents “On the interpretation of the poetry of Walt Whitman”), he devoted himself to an intensive translation of American writers (such as Sinclair Lewis, Herman Melville, Sherwood Anderson).
In 1931 Pavese lost her mother, in a period already full of difficulties. The writer is not a member of the Fascist Party and its working condition is very precarious, being able only occasionally to teach in public schools and private. After the arrest of Leone Ginzburg, a famous anti-fascist intellectual, even Pavese was sentenced to confinement for trying to protect a female member of the Communist Party; spent a year in Brancaleone Calabro, where he began to write the aforementioned diary “The art of living” (published posthumously in 1952). Meanwhile, becomes, in 1934, editor of “Culture.”
Back in Turin, he published his first collection of poems, “Labor” (1936), almost ignored by critics; however, continues to translate British and American writers (John Dos Passos, Gertrude Stein, Daniel Defoe), and works closely with the publishing house Einaudi.
The period between 1936 and 1949, his literary production is very rich.
During the war hiding in the house of his sister Maria, in the Monferrato, the memory of which is described in “The House on the Hill.” The first suicide attempt takes place on his return to Piedmont, when he discovers that the woman he was in love in the meantime had married.
At the end of the war he joined the Communist Party and Public Unity “Dialogues with Comrade” (1945); in 1950 published “The Moon and the Bonfires”, winning the Premio Strega in the same year with “La bella estate.”
On August 27, 1950, in a hotel room in Turin, Cesare Pavese, just 42 years old, took his own life. Leave written in pen on the first page of a copy of “Dialogues with Leuco”, prefiguring the uproar that would raise his death: “I forgive everyone and everyone I ask forgiveness. Okay? Not make too much gossip.”