This area is characterized by an orographic point of view, by a succession of hills sloping down to the coastal strip, incised linearly from the main river courses of the rivers Fortore Biferno and Trigno. Along these waterways, while important aquatic habitats and migration routes, have originated, for human intervention, two large reservoirs, the lake and the lake of Guardialfiera Occhito, soon became important wetlands for both ‘ornithofauna is permanent for that migration. Behind the reliefs are distinguished various vegetation strips, more or less extensive in relation to the work of man. Fir, beech, oak groves and pastures characterize the landscape in varying degrees in the part closest to the sea also has intensive agricultural activities. Gorges, caves, karst plains, meadows and streams characterize altitude mountain ranges instead put a bulwark of the borders with neighboring regions.