With Lower Valdarno means the territory crossed by the Arno river (hence the name) that is below the basin Florence – Prato – Pistoia. Here comes to the mouth of the Arno near Marina di Pisa, where it flows into the Tyrrhenian Sea, in a valley fronted by some modest hill systems.
This is precisely the area of the Lower Valdarno, administratively divided between the provinces of Florence (as far as the eastern sector) and Pisa (as regards instead the western sector).
The main feature, and always the most important resource of the Lower Valdarno, is made from the same stream, which often has a rather consistent flow that makes it navigable throughout the year. The river Arno was in fact already exploited in this way both the Etruscans and Romans, who used it to draw water which was used for domestic purposes and agricultural, both as a way of communication. It is no coincidence that precisely this territory for centuries prior to the birth of Christ was already one of the richest and most populated. This natural resource is added to the easy access to the Tyrrhenian Sea and the inner territories, which has facilitated even further the development of the valley.
Valdinievole is a region of the province of Pistoia on the border between the provinces of Lucca and Florence. The name derives from the ancient name of “Vallis Nebulae”, ie downstream of valley fog or clouds: the whole of fact it was mainly marshland, until the reclamation by Pietro Leopoldo of Lorraine, Archduke of Austria and Grand Duke of Tuscany. The same name, Nievole, was given to the river that flows.
Today the area is a pleasant valley that also includes some protected areas, ideal to visit for nature lovers; the landscape of this area is lovely, divided among the foliage of the trees and the geometry of the vineyards on terraced hillsides present.