FABRIZIO DE ANDRE'Fabrizio De André was born February 18, 1940 in Genoa (Pegli) in Via De Nicolay 12 by Luisa Amerio and Giuseppe De André, a professor in some private institutions he directed.
In the spring of 1941 Professor De André, anti-fascist, given the worsening situation because of the war, he went Astigiano looking to escape to a farmhouse where their family and buy near Revignano d’Asti, in the street Calunga, Cascina Orto Fabrizio where he spent part of his childhood with his mother and his brother Mauro, more than four years.
Here the little “Bicio” – as he was nicknamed – learn about all aspects of rural life, integrating with the locals and being befriended by them. E ‘in this context, they begin to show signs of interest in music one day the mother is standing on a chair, with the radio on, intent to conduct a symphonic piece as a kind of conductor. In fact, legend has it that it was the “Country Waltz” by the famous conductor and composer Gino Marinuzzi, from which, over twenty-five years later, Fabrizio will draw inspiration for the song “Waltz for a Love”.
In 1945 the De André family returns to Genoa, settling into a new apartment in Via Trieste 8. In October 1946, the small Fabrizio is written to the primary school at the Institute of the Sisters Marcelline (which he renamed “Ragazze”) where he began express his rebellious temperament and unconventional. The explicit signs of intolerance to discipline by the child subsequently induce the spouses De André to withdraw from the private facility to enroll in a state school, the Armando Diaz. In 1948, having established the particular susceptibility of the child, the parents of Fabrizio, connoisseurs of classical music, they decide to let him study the violin and has entrusted to the hands of the master Cats, which immediately identifies the talent of the young student.
In ’51 De André began attending middle school, but rather a rejection of Giovanni Pascoli, in the second, infuriates his father in such a way that it defers to education, the strict Jesuit dell’Arecco. End then averages the Palaces. In 1954, on a musical level, also deals with the study of the guitar with the maestro Alex Giraldo of Colombia.
And ‘the year after the first public performance at a charity show organized at the Teatro Carlo Felice in Genoa dall’Auxilium. His first band plays country and western genre, turning to private clubs and parties but Fabrizio approaches to jazz music and a little later, in ’56, he discovers the French song as well as the medieval troubadour.
On his return from France, the father brings him a gift of two 78s Georges Brassens which the budding musician starts to translate some texts. Follow the grammar school, high school and finally university (faculty of law), interrupted six exams at the end. His first record was released in ’58 (the now-forgotten single “Baroque Clouds”), followed by other episodes to 45, but the artistic turning ripe several years later, when Mina recorded “La Canzone di Marinella”, which is becomes a great success.
Among his friends then there are Gino Paoli, Luigi Tenco, Paolo Villaggio. In 1962 comes the bride Enrica Rignon and son Christian.
They are the American and French models of the time to enthrall the young singer-songwriter who accompanies with acoustic guitar, which is fighting against the hypocrisy and bigoted bourgeois conventions prevailing in songs then become historians as “La Guerra di Piero”, ” Bocca di Rosa “,” Via del Campo “. Other albums followed, greeted with enthusiasm by a handful of scholars but passed over in silence the critics. As well as magnificent album marked the same fate as “The Good News” (1970, a re-reading of the apocryphal gospels), and “I neither love nor money at the sky,” the adaptation of Spoon River Anthology, signed together with Wing Violence, not to mention “The Story of an employee” deep work to make peace.
Only since 1975 De André, shy and quiet, he agrees to perform on tour. Luvi born in 1977, the second daughter by his partner Dori Ghezzi. Just the blonde singer and De André are kidnapped by the anonymous Sardinia, in their villa of Tempio in 1979. Seizure lasts four months, leading to the realization of the ‘”Indian” in 1981 where the culture of the Sardinian shepherds is compared to that of the Native Americans. His international success came with “Creuza de ma” in 1984 where the Ligurian dialect and sound atmosphere Mediterranean describe smells, characters and stories of the harbor. The album marks a milestone for the then nascent world music and Italian and ‘awarded by critics as the best album of the year and the decade.
In 1988 he married his partner Dori Ghezzi, and in 1989 began a collaboration with Ivano Fossati (which created songs like “These places in front of the sea”). In 1990 he published “The Clouds”, a great sales success and critical acclaim, which is accompanied by a triumphant tour. Following the live album of ’91 and the theatrical tour in 1992, then a four-year silence, interrupted only in 1996, when he returned on the music market with “Anime Salve”, another hard much loved by critics and the public.
On 11 January 1999 Fabrizio De André died in Milan, died of an incurable disease. His funeral will take place on 13 January in Genoa in the presence of more than ten thousand people. (Http://biografieonline.it)