FESTIVAL DELLA CANZONE ITALIANAThe Italian Song Festival in Sanremo, Sanremo Festival or more commonly, it is a manifestation of pop music that takes place every year in San Remo, Italy, since 1951. For it has taken part as a competitor, guest or composer, almost all of the famous names of Italian song. The festival, now in the sixty-fourth edition in 2014, is one of the leading Italian media events, with some also reflected abroad, since it is being broadcast live on television, Eurovision, both from the radio, and not every edition fails to raise debate and controversy.
Although he followed his constant changes to the formula, the Festival is essentially a competition between the tracks selected in the months immediately prior to a special committee, evaluating the applications received. These songs, which must have been composed by Italian authors with texts in Italian (or even in one of the various Italian regional dialects), are proposed by different interpreters premiere, then never performed publicly before, under penalty of disqualification. They are voted on by juries chosen (opinion polls, insiders, consumers) and / or by the popular vote (in the form of remote voting, and in the past by players of other competitions such as the Totip), and shall be announced and awarded the three most voted songs (in some cases the only winners) among those competing in the main section, usually called Big interpreters, samples or artists (sometimes with further subdivisions such as Women, Men, Groups and Classic), and in that of lesser-known performers, generally called New Proposals or Young. Are also assigned other special awards, including the Critics Award “Mia Martini”, decreed by the press since 1982.
Often, the Festival also had the function of selection, through a committee of RAI, the artist and possibly the song that will be the representative of Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest this year, the event established in 1956 that drew right from the Festival of Sanremo his inspiration.
The statue of the Lion of San Remo is the most prestigious award for musicians and performers Italian.
Originally the home of the festival was the ballroom of the Casino Sanremo, and the period of the falling around the end of January, and since 1977 (with the exception edition 1990) takes place at the Teatro Ariston in the city of Liguria, in a period, from 1988, is between mid-February and early March.