GIOSUE' CARDUCCICarducci was born July 27, 1835 in Valdicastello in the province of Lucca, by Michele Carducci, physician and revolutionary, and Ildegonda Celli, a native of Volterra. On 25 October 1838, the Carducci family, because of the competition won by his father to become a doctor in the area, he moved to Bolgheri, remote village in Tuscany thanks to the poet who would become famous in all over the world. The stay in the Maremma is testified and recalled with fond nostalgia for the sonnet “Navigating the Tuscan Maremma” (1885) and in many other places in his poetry.
Of the family is also part of the famous Nonna Lucia, a key figure in the education and training of Joshua so small that the poet remembers with great affection in the poem “In front of San Guido.” A few years later, however (specifically in 1842), this figure for us now nobly literary dies, throwing Joshua in despair.
The revolutionary movements taking hold in the meantime, motions in which it is involved and passionate “testacalda” father Michael. The situation is complicated to the point that shots are fired at the house of the family Carducci, following the intensification of the conflict between Michael Carducci and Bolgheri most conservative of the population; event forces them to transfer to nearby Castagneto where they remain for nearly a year (now known just as Castagneto Carducci).
On April 28, 1849 Carducci come to Florence. Joshua attended the Institute of Scolopi and knows his future wife Elvira Menicucci, daughter of Francis Menicucci, military tailor. On 11 November 1853 the future poet entered the Scuola Normale of Pisa. The requirements for admission do not fit perfectly, but it is a decisive declaration of Jeremiah’s father, his master, which ensures: “… it is equipped with the finest genius and rich imagination, is caught by many and excellent knowledge is distinguished even among the best. Voucher for nature are always led by a Christian youth educated and civilized. “Joshua argues exams brilliantly performing the theme “Dante and his century” and won the competition. In the same year established, together with three fellow students, the group of “Friends pedantic”, committed to the defense of classicism against Manzoni. After graduating with honors, he teaches rhetoric in high school in San Miniato al German.
E ’1857, the year in which he composed the “Rime of San Miniato” whose success is almost nil, unless a quote in a magazine of contemporary Guerazzi. On the evening of Wednesday, November 4 kills his brother Dante, split his chest with a razor-sharp scalpel of his father; a thousand guesses. It is said because he was tired of reproaches family especially his father, who had become intolerant and harsh with their children. The following year, however, the poet’s father dies.
A year of mourning and the poet finally marries Elvira. Later, after the birth of her daughters Beatrice and Laura, he moved to Bologna, a very cultured and stimulating environment, where he teaches Italian at the University eloquence. Thus began a long period of teaching (which lasted until 1904), characterized by a fervent and passionate activity and philological criticism. He was born the son Dante, who, however, died at a very young age. Carducci is badly affected by his death: grim, staring into space, he carries his pain anywhere in your home, at the university, for a walk. In June 1871 remembering the lost son composes “Wailing old.”
In the 60s, the discontent caused by the weakness shown in him, in his opinion, on several occasions by the government post-unification (the Roman question, the arrest of Garibaldi) resulted in an attitude of pro-republican and Jacobin even: he also resented the his poetic activity, in this era characterized by a rich social issues and politics.
In the following years, with the changing of the historical reality Italian, Carducci passed by a violently polemical attitude and revolutionary in a much more peaceful relationship with the state and the monarchy, which eventually seemed to him the best guarantor of the secular spirit of the Renaissance and social progress is not subversive (as opposed to socialist thought).
The new sympathy monarchy culminated in 1890 with his appointment as senator of the kingdom.
Back in Castagneto in 1879, gives life, along with his friends and neighbors to the famous “Ribotte” during which there entertains tasting local dishes, drinking red wine, chatting and reciting the numerous compounds toast for those social occasions.
In 1906 the poet was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature (“Not only in recognition of his profound teachings and critical research, but over all a tribute to the creative energy, the purity of style and lyrical force which characterize his masterpiece poetics “). The condition did not allow him to travel to Stockholm to receive the award that is delivered to his home in Bologna.
On February 16, 1907 Carducci died of cirrhosis of the liver at his home in Bologna, at the age of 72 years.
The funeral will be held on February 19 and the Carducci is buried at the Certosa di Bologna after several controversies concerning the place of burial.