GIOVANNI ANTONIO CANAL DETTO IL CANALETTOGiovanni Antonio Canal better known as Canaletto was born in Venice on October 7, 1697, was an Italian painter and printmaker, best known as a landscape artist.
His paintings, as well as join in the topographic representation of architecture and nature, were made with the careful Atmospheric, from the choice of accurate lighting conditions for each particular time of day and from a survey conducted by the criteria of scientific objectivity, in conjunction with Major time of diffusion of ideas rationalistic Enlightenment. Insisting on the value of the mathematical perspective, the artist, to paint his works sometimes made use of the optical chamber.
He was born in Venice by Bernardo Cesare quondam Canal and Artemisia Barbieri. There was a family Canal ascribed to the aristocracy, but almost certainly had no connection with that of Giovanni Antonio, who, however, was a wealthy mining.
The nickname “Canaletto” was given to distinguish him from his father, who was also a painter (of stage sets), or perhaps because of short stature. It will be through the father that the young Giovanni Antonio starts to painting. So like his father, his older brother, Christopher, is in charge of painting backdrops for the theater. Antonio begins like to work with his father and brother and the first commission, in 1716, concerning the implementation of the backdrops for some of the works of Antonio Vivaldi.
Thanks to its remarkable ability and his technique that within a few years had made great progress, the Canaletto can in a short time become one of the most accomplished painters of Venice.
He died April 19, 1768, after “long compassionate evil” – note the Gradenigo in Notatori – at his home in the Court of Perina, which still exists, surrounded by the love of family, and was buried in the church of San Lio; in Venice, tradition holds that his tomb is located under the floor of the fifteenth Gussoni Chapel in the Church of San Lio.