GIOVANNI PASCOLIGiovanni Pascoli, one of the leading poets of the Decadent Italian, was born in San Mauro di Romagna December 31, 1855, where he lived the years of his childhood at the farm La Torre, belonging to the Torlonia princes, under whom his father worked. At 7 years old he entered the college Scolopi in Urbino along with two of his brothers. After 5 years, in 1867, begins the chain of deaths that mark his life and his work will influence heavily and his poetry: his father is murdered under mysterious circumstances and family situation will get worse the following year for the death of the disease mother and elder sister.
In 1871 Louis also died, one of his brothers with him in college, and so John moved to Rimini with the brothers were then in Florence.
He manages to study and attend the University of Bologna, Faculty of Humanities old, thanks to a scholarship, providential view of the economic hardship of the family. In Bologna teaches at the time Carducci.
In 1876, another mourning dies his brother James, at that time only the financial support of the brothers.
Meanwhile, in parallel with its cultural background, are interested in politics, approaching to anarchist groups Romagna and participating in demonstrations, so much so that in 1879 he was arrested and remains in jail four months, during which a mature detachment from political while remaining close to the ideals of utopian socialism.
In 1882 he graduated and began his teaching, first in high school then, in 1897, at the university.
Meanwhile, in 1892 he won the International Competition of Latin poetry in Amsterdam (who will win in 1912) and moved in ’95 in Castelvecchio di Barga, in the Garfagnana, with her sister Mary, who will be for him, along with Ida, the surviving family unit which will be linked for life.
[In the verses of familiar topic, Pastures expresses in the unsaid, his autobiography interior: the murder of his father and incest with his sisters. The anthology Thirty posie family of Giovanni Pascoli Caesar Garboli from unity and autonomy in one of the sectors most represented creativity Pascoli.
Additionally, Vittorio Andreoli, a famous neurologist and psychiatrist, conducts a thorough and insightful analysis of the affective life and family of Giovanni Pascoli: The secrets of Grassland house. On the basis of often unpublished documents and its particular point of view as a scholar of human souls and psychological ailments that afflict those who, like the decadent poet, lived family tragedies, childhood trauma, morbid ties, leads the reader to visit his personal assumptions about the life of Pastures and his family, Ed]
After teaching at the University of Messina and Pisa, the retirement of Carducci will be entrusted to the chair of Italian Literature at Bologna, where he worked until his death on April 6, 1912.
Its abundant production of poetry, prose criticism, articles, conference papers, partly with the publication in 1891 of his first and perhaps most famous collection of poems, Myricae, followed in the field of poetry in 1897 by Poemetti (subsequently divided into First New poems and Poemetti). They are the 1903 Songs of Castelvecchio, the 1904 Poems convivial, then Odes and Hymns (1906), the Italic Poems, Poems of the Renaissance in Rome Anthem, Anthem in Turin (1911), and various Poems (1912).
It is published in parallel with the critical production, abundant and of considerable thickness, given its prominent role in the academic and cultural world of the time; after a brief essay published in 1897 in the journal “Marzocco” entitled The young child, where he exhibited his poetic debut, critic has with The Minerva dark. Prolegomena: moral construction of Dante’s poem (1898); Below follows the veil, the rate of a general interpretation of the sacred poem (1900) and marvelous vision, a sketch of the history of the Divine Comedy (1902), Thoughts and Speeches (1907).
Even after the death of his unpublished lectures, critical thinking and poetry, translations, letters, are still published by curators of the main, Translation and reductions (1913), Carmina (1914), Lectures and study of Dante (1914), Letters .
And ‘the 1979 publication of plays and other unpublished letters.