I SASSI DI MATERAThe Sassi of Matera are one of the most beautiful places in the world, becoming a UNESCO site in 1993 and for having enchanted famous directors. The first was Pasolini, with the film “The Gospel According to Matthew.” The second was Mel Gibson, who wanted him as a location for “The Passion of the Christ.” Matera is located on a limestone plateau which has a spectacular anomaly: a central depression, a veritable canyon of 70-80 meters, crossed the river Gravina. Traces of life date back to the Paleolithic age: the succession of peoples over the centuries leaving an intricate urban system in which the built overprints excavated and natural cavities. An urban settlement is unique in the world where man appears to have been established with difficulty in a rugged terrain murgico according to the rules “organic” rock of civilization, first, and the “culture of the city” European then. Between the nineteenth and the twentieth century, the Rioni Sassi become the home of the poorest of the city, forced to live in poor sanitary conditions. It was decided then to implement a true “transfer plan” in a new residential district. Following the transfer, was embarked on a redevelopment and rehabilitation of the area. Today you can visit the area with the nucleus inside the throats of the short Sasso Barisano and Caveoso. You can appreciate the dwellings carved into the rock and tuff; the feeling is that you set foot in a crib. Matera is no coincidence that the second Bethlehem. The Sassi of Matera were the first in the world declared “cultural landscape”. The peculiarity of Matera in his entry in UNESCO is that does not fit a single monument or an urban agglomeration, but an entire way of life and a model of development that have endured for millennia. The Sassi fully meet the criterion of truth to be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement or occupation of the territory it represents a culture (or cultures), especially when it is threatened by irreversible changes.