IL MIRACOLO DI ORVIETOMiracle of art built to guard a miracle of faith, the Cathedral of Orvieto, according to ancient tradition, was built to celebrate a major event for the whole of Christendom: during the Mass of Bolsena miracle, as narrated in a sacred, presumably the first half of the fourteenth century, “the miracle that happens above the Corporal became the host Ruby et There it became flesh and blood.” According to the same sacred representation and popular tradition it originated in the summer of 1263 a priest of Upper Magna, tormented by doubts about the real presence of the body and blood of Christ in the consecrated host, went on a pilgrimage to Rome to atone for his unbelief and strengthen his faith. Stopped in Bolsena on the way back, she asked to celebrate Mass at the altar of S. Cristina; at the moment of consecration, after asking the Lord to dispel his doubts, he saw the broken ooze from the host of the drops of blood that bathed the Corporal (the linen cloth used in functions to support and then hold the consecrated elements). Upon hearing the news of the miracle, the Pope, a resident on the cliff to 1262, he sent the bishop of Orvieto to take the sacred linen. The relic was brought to Orvieto, where he was met on the bridge of Rio Chiaro, a solemn procession of prelates, clergy and people, led by the pope, who knelt down and worshiped him, and after I showed it to the faithful, put it back in the cathedral of St. Mary Prisca. Entrusted to St. Thomas Aquinas, the task of composing the Office of Corpus Christi, August 11, 1264, the pope promulgated the bull Transiturus, which marked the establishment of this holiday Ekumen Christian. The then existing cathedral of Orvieto seemed to citizenship old, dilapidated and unworthy to guard the relics, precious sign of the divine presence; So they began to collect donations to build a new church that would surpass all others in splendor and magnificenza.Per centuries the traditional link between the Cathedral and the Miracle of Bolsena has continued to survive in the town devotion, shared by historians and scholars as Luigi Fumi. Pope John Paul II has recently tried to shed light on this “legend” by saying, in his homily from Orvieto Cathedral June 17, 1990, the day of Corpus Christi, which, “although its construction [of the cathedral] is not connected directly to the solemnity of Corpus Christi, instituted by Pope Urban IV in the Bull Transiturus in 1264, nor the miracle that took place in Bolsena in the previous year, however, no doubt that the mystery of the Eucharist is here powerfully evoked by the corporal of Bolsena, for which was specially manufactured the chapel, which now guards it jealously. “