The Aspromonte is the last part of the so-called “Alps of Calabria,” which include the extensive mountain range in size from Sila, from the Calabrian Serre and Aspromonte precisely. These mountains formed by crystalline rocks, mainly granites, have their origin and geology different from the Apennines, and of sedimentary origin with a predominance of limestone, which ends with the Pollino massif and dell’Orsomarso. The Aspromonte massif is an enormous pyramid of rock wedged between two seas, the Tyrrhenian and Ionian seas. The highest peak, the Montalto, with its 1955 meters is an excellent viewpoint from which you can see the Strait of Messina, Etna and the Aeolian Islands. The Tyrrhenian coast, consisting of crystalline substrates in general, is characterized by a succession of “breasts”, steep slopes, and “plans”, flat areas formed by terraces. The ionic side is distinguished by a varied landscape, produced by erosion of the substrate of mostly sedimentary origin. Typical Aspromonte is the presence of “stones”, large conglomerates rock shaped by wind and water over time have given their particular forms. Among others we mention the Stone of Phoebus, the Stone Castle, the spiers of the Towers (Dolomites) Canolo, the fortresses of St. Peter, the Rock of Smalidetti, Pietra Cappa, the Long Stone, the Stone Castle, the Rock of Dragon. Near Natile, including the presence of rock settlements, the landscape is reminiscent of Cappadocia. Another peculiarity of the massif is made up of rivers, waterways without source, due to the steep incline and the short distance, taking torrential character, with a great capacity for erosion. Along the course of the Fiumara Bonamico, a giant landslide in 1972 gave rise to the lake Constantine, single-dammed lake with an Italian origin so recent.