PIENZAPienza small town near Siena, is a rare example of Renaissance town planning to completion. Defined from time to time the ‘ideal city’, the ‘city utopia’, it is now certainly one of the construction methods through which the renaissance they tried to create a model of life and government ‘ideal’ on the ground, making an ‘idea of the city that was able to give concrete answers to the desire of civil coexistence peaceful and industrious men. It was “the utopia of civitas” vainly cherished by people. Pienza currently has two museums and a third is about to be born.
Its location in the center of Val d’Orcia, a valley in the beautiful and unspoilt landscape point of view, it makes the town quite capable to document still the fundamental interest which the humanistic architecture poses in the relationship between man and nature, even in reference to the importance that this relationship was during the classical age.
Today Pienza is part of a territorial system called “Artistic, Natural and Cultural Park of Val d’Orcia”, which aims at the preservation of the extraordinary artistic heritage of the five municipalities that are part of Castiglion d’Orcia, Montalcino, Pienza, Radicofani and San Quirico d’Orcia.
The center of Pienza was completely redesigned by Pope Pius II in the Renaissance. He planned to transform his birthplace into a model Renaissance town. The architect Bernardo Rossellino was commissioned to build a Duomo, papal palace and town hall; the work was completed in three years (1459-1462).