PIETRO MASCAGNIPietro Antonio Stefano Mascagni was born 7 December 1863 in Livorno. His father Domenico Mascagni is the owner of a bakery while his mother takes care of the family. Peter has four brothers and now it shows the most intelligent and interested in the study and why, despite the economic difficulties, start the humanities.
The passion for music is imposed at a young age and Peter associates the studio school with learning music, especially singing and piano, learning the Schola Cantorum of the Church of San Benedetto. At thirteen, Mascagni began his musical studies under the supervision of more regular maestro Alfredo Soffredini, founding director of the Institute of Music in Livorno.
In 1880, at seventeen composed his first symphonies, among the most important: “Symphony in F major,” “Elegy for soprano, violin and piano”, “Ave Maria for soprano and piano”, “Pater Noster for soprano and quintet string “. The following year he performed at Livorno his cantata “In spinning mill with four solo voices and full orchestra.” During the same year he wrote the cantata “To Joy” on the text of Schiller translated by Andrea Maffei.
In 1882 he moved to Milan with the help of economic Count Larderei, his second patron (the first was the uncle died a year earlier). In Milan, Pietro Mascagni goes to the conservatory and tightens friendships with the artistic world of the period; between these meetings that stands out with Giacomo Puccini, Amilcare Ponchielli, and Vittorio Gianfranceschi, who became his closest friend. In the three years following up the romance for tenor and orchestra, “The King in Naples,” with words by Andrea Maffei and began to devote himself to the opera “William Ratcliff” by Heine.
Leave the conservatory in controversy with the manager and he devoted himself to a series of tours around Italy as a conductor of various opera companies. In 1886 Argenide Marcellina Carbognani knows where he has a son who died just four months old; get married a year later. The town of Cerignola offers to conduct the Philharmonic Orchestra of the city. In 1888 he took part in a competition organized by the publisher Sonzogno for opera in one act. The argument with which you decide to participate in “The cavalry Rusticana” opera is the homonym novel by Verga “, composed together with librettist Giovanni Targioni-Tozzetti and Guido Menasci.
The following year, the first born son, Dominic. In 1890′s “Cavalleria rusticana” is proclaimed winner of the competition on May 17 and 73 participants debuted at the Teatro Costanzi in Rome where he obtained a great success with audiences and critics. Since that time, wherever it is represented draws an enthusiastic audience.
The following year he staged another opera at the Teatro Costanzi in Rome, “L’amico Fritz”. In 1891 was born the second son Edward in 1892 and his daughter Emilia. In 1895, staged at La Scala on “Retcliff” Heine directed by Mascagni. In 1897 he started working with Illica with whom he worked at ‘”Iris” by the publisher Sonzogno and “Masks” by Ricordi. The following year he directed six concerts at the scale including the “Pathetique” by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, hitherto never been performed in Italy, and the symphonic poem to “Giacomo Leopardi”, composed for the celebrations of the centenary of the birth of poet Recanati.
From 1899 to 1903 Mascagni is engaged in some tour that led him to directing in the most important Italian cities, Europe and America. Back in Italy, he was appointed director of the National School of Music in Rome charge that alongside that of director of the Teatro Costanzi in Rome, he has held since 1907 continue touring abroad. In 1927 he represented Italy in Vienna for the celebration of the centenary of the death of Ludwig Van Beethoven. In 1929 he was included among the academicians of the Royal Academy of Italy. In 1935, staged at La Scala his last opera Nerone. In 1940, the opera “Cavalleria Rusticana” is 50 years old and is engraved on the disc. In 1944 he resigned from the post of artistic director of the Teatro Costanzi.
Pietro Mascagni died August 2, 1945, at the age of 82, in his hotel room Plaza Hotel in Rome, where he resided since 1927.