PompeiAlmost two thousand years ago, in 79 d. C., a lively and rich Roman town was surprised by one of the most sudden and frightening eruptions ever occurred in Italy. From the crater of nearby Vesuvius volcano, almost asleep, poured on the streets, squares, shopping and houses of the city, thousands of tons of mud and volcanic debris: the lava, but above the ashes and mud, buried entirely buildings and blocked the fleeing inhabitants. For centuries, the city hidden from the lava concealed its secrets: the pavement of its streets, above the arcades and courtyards of his villas abandoned gradually came to a new city.
Since the end of 700, an impressive excavations have brought to light the reticle perfectly preserved, the town and its houses: they are so re-emerged in the light of its famous villas, such as the magnificent House of the Faun, decorated with mosaics and fantastic sumptuous stucco (now in the Museum of Naples); the home of the Vettii, with large frescoes including a famous painting Priapus against the evil eye; the arcane mysteries of the villa, with its paintings of Dionysian and Orphic rites; the home of the Golden Cupids, with the rich gardens then so fashionable in good Roman society. But Pompeii was also a center of commerce and trade, full of temples (the temple of Apollo, in the Hellenistic period) and public buildings, the eruption has deleted without destroying them completely, and where today you can stroll enjoying the same views of any inhabitant of the times of Pompey: remember at least the area of the triangular Forum, where the inhabitants flocked in search of entertainment, including theaters (the Grand Theatre and the Odeon, for the music), the big gyms and the barracks of the Gladiators. Of course, a pleasant city like Pompeii could not but have its spas: the oldest, not far from the theater district, are the Baths Stabiane, who took their present appearance as early as the second century. a. C. At the center of the building is the area in which the waters were heated to produce steam, which was then piped into male and female sections.