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Logo Strada del Riso
ROAD OF THE VIALONE NANO VERONESE IGP RICE

www.stradadelriso.it
Via Vittorio Veneto, 4
37063 – Isola della Scala (VR)
Tel. 045 7300089 int. 4
info@stradadelriso.it

An Ancient Tradition
Rice cultivation in the Verona area has an ancient tradition, preserved and valued by the passion and expertise of some of the new generation pilatori who deeply love their land. The spread of rice cultivation occurred in Basso Veronese by the Venetian aristocracy in the mid-1500 and with it the simultaneous construction of the batteries that exploited the force of the water courses and which for centuries had no significant technological evolution

The Cultivation
Early spring rice growers prepare the land that will receive the seeds of Vialone Nano. L ‘spring water is streaming in the wide expanses where the seeds will germinate in immersion. After a few days, it may be subtracted from the paddy field: the rice plant can thus more secure anchoring to the ground. By this time the floods and dry accompany the vegetative stages of the crop. Late summer, the plant of the Vialone Nano Veronese reaches its maximum height. The ears reach the perfect ripening in late September. The rough rice, paddy rice, after thorough drying, is transferred in the warehouses of the processing companies ..

The Processing of Rice
The processes of the Vialone Nano Veronese IGP, almost completely abandoned working with old pestles, are made with advanced technology equipment, but continue to be in essence very simple. The rice will come to consumers without having undergone any chemical treatment and no manipulation. The raw rice is first dried in hot air plants and then the grains, freed from the outer layers, undergo bleaching, result of a simple mechanical process of rubbing. Are then subjected to a selection with grills scanners capable of recognizing and separating impurities and defective beans. At this point the Vialone Nano Veronese IGP is ready to be packaged and proposed to consumers.

THE CONSORTIUM OF PROTECTION OF RICE DWARF VIALONE VERONESE IGP
L ‘Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) “Vialone Nano Veronese” refers only to rice obtained from selected seeds of the species japonica varieties Vialone Nano.
On the purity of the variety, the methods of cultivation, processing and presentation of consumer supervises the Consortium for the Protection of Vialone Nano Veronese, which includes companies engaged in respect of a product specification approved and registered by the European Community.
The Vialone Nano Veronese IGP must have the following characteristics for consumption: the average grain size, shape, round and semi-long, with pronounced tooth, head squat, rounded section. Must appear white in color, free of the strip.

The first pile of rice were planted by the early seventeenth century onwards, together with the commissioning of the new corn crop.

A chronicler of the late eighteenth century, Attilio Magri, described these “factories”: batteries or tracks with squashing wooden bow shod moved by projecting arms or palatron of a so-called male ie large tree wood strong, well-rounded, turning over its axis, firmly fixed at the ends. These pistons abandoned at a certain height from palatron male moving, falling on his paddy husk dress and forced into a hole ellipsoid of highly polished marble in its internal parts, determines the separation of the peel of the epidermis and subsequently going into semolina or bulla leaving after long operation white wheat. Most appeared to be stacks of internal use of the farm and some also served for a fee for third parties. Paddy and stack were therefore a unique economic reality production.

To confirm that the battery was at one with the paddy when a large owner took into consideration to introduce the new crop of rice in addition to the preparatory costs for the land, the burden for the necessary water and another would include ‘Factory ie aja to beat, seccadora, Granajo, Pila, Magazzeno for rice, which remains Pilate, and home pel Risaro.
A Pile from the Rice came to the 185th when it was introduced a new system of husking. The paddy with the new equipment would pass through a series of machines called First Grola (double wheel vertical cast iron), Brillo (double wheel horizontal stone), Second Grola (acting on two occasions) and Polisher.

It was the end of the old system to the pylons or squashing too slow and with a low yield due to the fact that often the rice was crushed by an excessive production of risina of little commercial value. This opened the way for the modern system of rice husking.
After 1945 nearly all the batteries in the various courts that had not been able or willing to adapt technologically ceased their activities.
Today virtually all batteries have abandoned the old piston system. No modern rice mill shall, unless for reasons “prestige” and for a limited activity, the hydraulic power system.
Among the best-preserved and open to visitors,

1612 – The Stack of Woods Court
The “Stack of the Woods” originally belonged to Bra that January 21, 1612 had requested authorization to build and, once paid the amount due, received the investiture.
Currently the stack still exists in its whole structure, even if it is unused for a long time. And even if the secular kinematics have been added more modern machinery, the paddle wheel has survived as a document of the prior art and are also survived the batteries, mortars made from a single block of marble, and pestles that with their rhythmic movement driven by the wheel relieved the raw rice “Rison” from the “chaff”.

1644 – La Pila Vecia
The “Pila Vecia”, located Passolongo of Isola della Scala, a few kilometers beyond Buttapietra, owes its name to the fact that, until the postwar period, existed in the same district, another building for pilaris rice. But “old woman” so is absolute, if you think that its origin dates back to the seventeenth century; In fact, from documents held by the State Archives of Venice, that the request to build the stack was forwarded to the Serenissima April 26, 1644 by Domenico Cristato, latifondiere of time, and that in 1656 it was already long working.
The 9 “stacks” obtained in a single piece of red Verona marble and their pestles are still functioning. With their rhythmic movement free raw rice, “Rison”, from the chaff, a process that takes time and brigose operations by hand. The rice made from it has a less appealing, but preserves the nutritional quality and taste, and longer cooking times.

1648 – the mill Gazzani
The mill “Gazzani”, which for decades has ceased to grind grain to be used solely as for rice, has origins that date back to the late ’400 and early’ 500. It ‘not known, according to documents of the Austrian Land Registry, that the machinery for processing rice would be added in the year 1648. Currently belongs to Soave that continue the age-old tradition of husking rice Vialone Nano and Carnaroli rice. Even today the two large water wheels, operate old and original mechanisms that allow rice processing .A work remained “unchanged” over the years and still working, is the one made by “Rammers” (the initial thirty-used until the Second World War, Today only eight have remained in use), question of mechanisms vertical timber about two meters long whose lower end ends with a pointed part in metal.

The Rice Fair of Isola della Scala (Vr) was born in 1967, in fact continuing the tradition of festivals that were held in the countryside of the Po Valley at the end of the harvest period. At first it was a single small stand at the center of the country for a weekend served risotto and wine. The fair today, grew up with constant acceleration in the last 15 years, has increased the duration of the event to more than three weeks between September and October. Has about 500,000 visitors, making it the most visited food and wine event in Italy.
The protagonist of the Fair is the Vialone Nano Veronese IGP. This rice, grown in a limited area of ​​the Veronese plain, was the first in Europe to obtain the prestigious brand of Protected Geographical Indication (1996). The specification provides for the production in a score of common Scala.
The event is held in part within a modern wood and glass, the Palariso, so named because from the top, reminiscent of a grain of rice. The Palariso is an open space of 4,800 square meters. It was opened in 2011. Next to Palariso, while Rice Fair, is mounted a marquee larger to hold all the visitors and food stands.
The peculiarity of the Fair Rice is in very short chain from paddy to the plate. In fact the rice in Isola della Scala, and in the neighboring towns of Verona, is grown by small family farms which mostly involved the entire supply chain: cultivate, Pilate, package, sell and cook rice and risotto. Rice less than 0 km: one of rice fields where it is grown the product then served the Rice Fair is just 70 meters from the exhibition center.
The risotto all’Isolana is by far the most indulgent. The recipe is a tradition so important that in 1985 the then mayor of Isola della Scala made it official with a resolution. In addition to the typical recipe all’isolana around between stands, contests and themed dinners, the rice is served with approximately 100 different recipes.
During the show also takes the Top Show, an event in the event that leads to Isola della Scala chefs and restaurateurs from different Italian regions. Every course at Top Show is matched by sommelier AIS (Italian Sommelier Association) to wines from the territories of the chefs.
In Fair are not just rice, but also pizzas and cakes with rice flour, sushi with fresh water fish, arancini, paella.

BETWEEN LAND AND WATER
The Basso Veronese offers several nature trails built in an area that for centuries has remained almost completely intact.

Swamp Brusà – Cerea. Also in an ancient riverbed of the Adige river from busy then Menago, covers about 30 hectares. The marsh is managed by the Nature Valley Brusà; visiting hours is the second Saturday of the month and the last Sunday of the month in the morning and in the afternoon with a guide. Possibility of other times by contacting the association.

Swamp Busatello – San Pietro in Valle Gazzo Veronese. And ‘run by the WWF and is powered by an artificial watercourse. It covers about 81 hectares. Managed and controlled by the WWF is open on Wednesdays and Fridays for guided tours. Possibility to rent bicycles.

Swamp of Pilgrim – Isola della Scala and Nogara. It ‘a swamp private but along its perimeter runs a pleasant path embankment. And ‘possible a visit by contacting the Consortium of Reclamation Agro Veronese Tartarus Tione Conagro.

Park Valley Menago – Salisbury – Bovolone. It ‘a typical environmental park open to all where he recreated the typical moist lowland. Inside was a well played archaeological village. Guided tours available by contacting the IAT Tourist information of Bovolone.

CASTLES
Already in the Middle Ages the church authorities and the rulers had allowed the inhabitants of the plain of Verona to build defensive structures to protect themselves from the raids of the Hungarians: Nogara and Cerea for example, were built of bushes or primitive stone structures in defense of the villas had just created in the tenth century.

The fortification system was developed in a consistent manner when the Scala family came to power in Verona from 1277: he expanded the city walls and the whole territory was divided administratively into colonels and capitaniati, protected with massive fortifications.
Among the remains significant ones: Sangli, Salisbury, Isola della Scala, Oppeano, Nogarole Rocca.

ROMANIC CHURCHES
The first churches that were built in the Verona countryside were destroyed, such as those of the city of Verona, with the earthquake of 1117, the same that brought down what was left of the outer ring of the Arena di Verona. If the reconstruction work in the city led to the creation of the typical “Romanesque Veronese” characterized by the alternation of tuff and rows of bricks, here you tried to reuse materials on site, Roman and Lombard.

A Isola della Scala, isolated in the countryside is the Church of the Bastia, the oldest evidence of the country. Epigraph set in front on the left side of the portal is engraved with the names of the builders and the date of construction, 1126.

Near the river Tione to Erbè, stands the small Romanesque church of Santa Maria Novella dell’Erbedello. Ancient property of the Abbey of St. Zeno, the Erbedello appears mentioned for the first time in the list of the villas of the district Verona compiled by prosecutors of the town of Verona in 1184.

A Gazzo Veronese, river Tartarus is the church of Santa Maria Maggiore. Lombard times refer some stone fragments are part of the presbytery enclosure of the building. Inside there are visible remains of the mosaic floor of the original dated between the eighth and ninth centuries.

A Ceres, another remarkable example of Romanesque building is the church of San Zeno. sort according to tradition by the will of Matilda of Canossa and with a characteristic three naves separated by pillars covered with thirteenth-century frescoes.

On the road that leads to Bovolone Concamarise, is the parish church of St. John the Baptist in the Countryside. known as S.Zuan. The church originally had three naves preserves the middle and the left. It seems that its origins are to be found as far back as the eighth century.

THE ORIGIN OF THE VILLA
Human presence in the Veneto region has witnessed since the early Neolithic (about 4500-4000 BC). Colonized by the Romans in the first century. BC, in imperial times she saw a profound transformation: the excavation of ditches and canals led to the regulation of water, while the construction of roads, such as the Via Claudia Augusta Valley and the road connecting Mantova Este, placed it at the center of trades of inter-regional level.

The collapse basin that occurred after the fall of the Roman Empire, favored in the Middle Ages, during the Lombard and frank, the development of forests and the creation of wetlands. Thanks to the work performed by Benedictine monks these areas were drained and slowly arose of “villas”, towns that began to be documented from the ninth century. A.D. The population growth that occurred in the era pre-communal and municipal levels and the consequent increase in the demand for food, made necessary a massive deforestation and the cultivation of new lands. After the period of domination Scala, at the turn of the fifteenth century., Venice favored investment land citizens of Verona and Venice; they created soon farms whose operations centers where they concentrated the means of production and the homes of the workers were the “rural courts.” Within them, the old houses by owner, having to be consonant with the social status and the importance attained by families who had invested in the land, turned into holiday homes by: thus the “villas”.

MUSEUMS
Besides various archaeological settlements outdoors under excavation (especially important that the Elm Nogara) are organizing various collections in the form of museums, including to remark:

A Gazzo Veronese, in Quattrocentesca villa Parolin Poggiani is the Archaeological Museum where it was collected precious artefacts visible to the public.
Another important archaeological museum is located in the former Church of the Friars in Isola della Scala. The museum houses finds from the period of the Iron Age to the medieval period.

A Bonferraro at Corte Bra dall’Oca the Museum of Rural Life; where through a targeted, the visitor has the chance to relive the way of life of the farmers also including the development of tools and equipment used in agricultural funds. A similar museum, smaller is the Levà of Gazzo Veronese, at Court Lando

A Roverchiara, in the eighteenth-century villa Pindemonte – Rivers which was the home of Lionello Rivers, the great poet of the early twentieth century, you can visit the museum of the same name. The walls of the villa, now the Town Hall, dating back to the fifteenth century and were transformed by the Marquis Pindemonte. The building then passed by marriage to the poet Rivers, who endowed him with decorations in Art Nouveau style.

Being set up museums of Sangli and Oppeano.

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