TAORMINATaormina was founded as a tourist city, because Sicilians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Saracens chose to stay there for a long time and not just for political reasons. The Normans, in particular, the consecrated as the seat tourist residential and became, since then, the center of congresses and conferences, visits and stays.
Writes Philip Calandruccio in Beehive travelers came and went in increasing numbers and not just artistically represented their emotional reactions. In 1770 he arrived in 1787 and Patrick Brydone J.W. Goethe, accompanied by the designer Kniep. But it was only towards the end of the nineteenth century Taormina reached the pinnacle of international notoriety as a place to stay. Began to flow in ever more massive noble and wealthy English and many of them bought the villas. Soon they were joined by North American, Austro-Hungarian, Baltic, Belgian, Swiss, Dutch, German. The most prestigious characters from all over Europe visited Taormina. It is reminiscent of the many other artists and writers, in addition to the quoted Goethe, Truman Capote, Salvador Dali, Edmondo De Amicis, Alexander Dumas, Gabriel Faure, Anatole France, Andre Gide, Paul Klee, Gustav Klimt, DH Lawrence, Guy de Maupassant, Vladimir Nabokov, Luigi Pirandello, Bertrand Russell, Leonardo Sciascia, John Steinbeck, Vittorini, Oscar Wilde.
The young Prussian painter Otto Geleng came to Taormina for a short visit, but remained there until his death. Among the musicians and conductors remember Johannes Brahms, Leonard Bernstein, Nikita Magaloff, Richard Wagner. Among men in cinema, theater and performance, which many have visited Taormina, remember Michelangelo Antonioni, Ingmar Bergman, Francis Ford Coppola, Edoardo De Filippo, Marlene Deitrich, Eleonora Duse, Federico Fellini, Greta Garbo, Cary Grant, Marcello Mastroianni, Gregory Peck, Tyrone Power. Among statesmen, magnates of finance and ruling houses Willy Brandt, Lord Carrington, Alcide de Gasperi, Kaiser Wilhelm II, King Gustaf, King Juan de Bourbon, Huro Kekkonen, Mitterand, King Olaf, Grand Duke Paul of Russia, Sandro Pertini Philippe d’Orleans, Rothschild, Nelson Rockefeller, Umberto of Savoy.
If you want to anchor the history of modern tourist resort of Taormina with a start date, you can set the date to 1870, when the railroad was completed Siracusa-Catania-Messina. Another important event was the inauguration in 1874 of the Hotel Timeo. In 1904, these were the most important hotels in Taormina, as reflected in a book published in New York: St. Dominic, Timaeus, Metropole, Castello a Mare, Naumachiae, Victoria.
In over a hundred years tourism in Taormina has had ups and downs. But the city has been and remains the dream of tourists from around the world who love the beauty of nature and want to experience the thrills of art.
Peter Rizzo writes in his book Tauromenium: From Mount Tauro, the theater, the church of Our Lady of the Rock and the Castle, the view freely flowing from the mountains to the sea and the horizon of the coastal south to Catania, to ground the smoking crater of ‘Etna huge and imposing, and admire the lines of the north coast running towards Messina always beautiful and picturesque. From those different places prospects and marvelous landscapes of light and color, separations and gauzy green hills, rural views and profiles and steep cliffs and pendants, green balconies crowned with white houses and sea beaches on which the shadows of the houses of the beach reflect stretching upside down in the water under a clear and dazzling brightness.
He writes, in turn, Philip Calandruccio in Beehive: How in the Thousand and One Nights is there who does not feel like Bulukiya, the young sultan that he walks the streets of the world to meet Muhammad and it will be an island of rare charm , very similar to the paradise of Islam, to allay his anxiety research. Now this Taormina, happy island, it is reality and it is fabulous.