UMBERTO ECOUmberto Eco was born in Alessandria January 5, 1932, is a semiotician, philosopher and writer of international renown Italian. In 1954 he graduated at the age of 22 years, the University of Turin, with a thesis on the aesthetic thought of Thomas Aquinas. In 1956 he published “The aesthetic problem in St. Thomas. After working from 1954 to 1959 as editor of the cultural programs of Rai, in the sixties, he taught first at the Faculty of Letters and Philosophy at the University of Milan, then, at the Faculty of Architecture, University of Florence, and finally at the Faculty of Architecture of the Polytechnic of Milan. He also was a member of Group 63 revealing a theoretical sharp and brilliant.
From 1959 to 1975 he worked at the publishing house Simon and Schuster, as a senior editor. In 1975 he was appointed professor of semiotics at the University of Bologna. In 1976 – ’77 and 1980 – ’83 he directed the Institute of Communication and Performing Arts at the University of Bologna.
It ‘was awarded many honorary titles by universities around the world, from which he has held various courses. Since 1989 he is president of the International Center for Semiotic and Cognitive Studies, and since 1994 he is honorary president of the international Association for Semiotic Studies, which in previous years has been the Secretary General and Vice-President. Since 1999 he is also president of the School of Humanistic Studies at the University of Bologna.
He has collaborated with UNESCO, with the Milan Triennale, with the Expo 1967 – Montreal, and the Fondation de la Culture Euroéenne, and with many other organizations, academia, and national and international press publications.
Many also are collaborations, not only in newspapers (“The Day”, “La Stampa”, “Corriere della Sera”, “La Repubblica”, “Il Manifesto”) and weekly (the “Express”), but also periodic artistic and intellectual (“Fifteen”, “Il Verri,” and others). It has carried out investigations in several directions: on the history of aesthetics, the poetic avant-garde, mass communication, culture of consumption, ranging from aesthetics to semiotics medieval to the various codes of artistic communication, its production nonfiction appears, therefore, extremely varied and vast.
In 1980 the eminent theorist in the field of fiction with his debut novel by the resounding international success “The Name of the Rose.”
In 1988 he founded the Department of Communication at the University of San Marino. Since 2008 he is professor and chairman emeritus of the School of Humanities at the University of Bologna.
A prolific writer, he has written numerous essays on semiotics, medieval aesthetics, linguistics and philosophy, as well as successful novels.
On 14 October 2003, Umberto Eco has been awarded by the President of the French Republic, Jacques Chirac, the title of Officer of the Legion d’Honneur.
From 12 November 2010, member of the Accademia dei Lincei, for the class of Moral Sciences, History and Philosophy.